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Addictions

WHAT IS ALCOHOLISM

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WHAT IS DRUG ADDICTION
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WHAT ARE EATING DISORDERS

An eating disorder is to eat, or avoid eating, which negatively affects both one’s physical and mental health. Eating disorders are all encompassing. They affect every part of the person’s life. According to the authors of Surviving an Eating Disorder, “feelings about work, school, relationships, day-to-day activities and one’s experience of emotional well being are determined by what has or has not been eaten or by a number on a scale.
TYPES

Anorexia Neurvosa is deliberate and sustained Weight Loss driven by a fear of distorted body image.

Anorexia Nervosa is characterized as:

  • An abnormally low body weight.
  • (the absence of three consecutive menstrual cycles).
  • An intense fear gaining weight or becoming fat and a preoccupation with body weight and shape.

Bulimia nervosa is a cyclical and recurring pattern of binge eating (uncontrolled bursts of overeating) followed by guilt, self-recrimination and overcompensatory behaviour such as crash dieting, overexercising and purging to compensate for the excessive caloric intake.

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WHAT IS SEXUAL ADDICTION

Patrick Carnes (2001, p.40) argues that when children are growing up, they develop “core beliefs” through the way that their family functions and treats them. If a child is brought up in a family where his or her parents take proper care of him or her, he or she has good chances of growing up, having faith in other people and having self worth. On the other hand, if a child grows up in a family where he or she is neglected by his or her parents he or she will develop unhealthy and negative core beliefs. He or she will grow up to believe that people in the world do not care about him or her. Later on in life, the person will have trouble keeping stable relationships and will experience feelings of isolation. Generally, addicts do not perceive themselves as worthwhile human beings (Carnes, Delmonico and Griffin, 2001, p. 40). They cope with these feelings of isolation and weakness by engaging in excessive sex (Poudat, 2005, p.121).According to Patric Carnes the cycle begins with the “Core Beliefs” that sex addicts hold:
  1. “I am basically a bad, unworthy person.”
  2. “No one would love me as I am.”
  3. “My needs are never going to be met if I have to depend on others.”
  4. “Sex is my most important need.”

These beliefs drive the addiction on its progressive and destructive course:

  • Pain agent First a pain agent is triggered / emotional discomfort (e.g. shame, anger, unresolved conflict). A sex addict is not able to take care of the pain agent in a healthy way.
  • Dissociation Prior to acting out sexually, the sex addict goes through a period of mental preoccupation or obsession. Sex addict begins to dissociate (moves away from his or her feelings). A separation begins to take place between his or her mind and his or her emotional self.
  • Altered state of consciousness / a trance state / bubble of euphoric fantasized experience Sex addict is disconnected from his or her emotions and he or she becomes pre-occupied with acting out behaviours. The reality becomes blocked out/distorted.
  • Preoccupation or “sexual pressure”involves obsessing about being sexual or romantic. Fantasy becomes an obsession that serves in some way to avoid life. The addict’s thoughts become focused on reaching a mood-altering high without actually acting-out sexually. He or she thinks about sex to produce a trance-like state of arousal in order to fully eliminate feelings of the current pain of reality. Thinking about sex and planning out how to reach orgasm can continue for minutes or hours before moving into the next stage of the cycle.
  • Ritualization or “acting out.” These obsessions are intensified through the use of ritualization or acting out. A sex addict first cruises and then goes to a strip show to heighten his or her arousal until he or she is beyond the point of saying no. Ritualization helps to put distance between reality and sexual obsession. Rituals are a way to induce trance and further separate oneself from reality. Once the addict has begun his or her ritual, the chances of stopping that cycle diminish greatly. He or she is giving into the pull of the compelling sex act.
  • Sexual compulsivityThe next phase of the cycle is referred to as sexual compulsivityor “sex act”. The tensions that the addict feels are reduced by acting on their sexual feelings. They feel better for the moment, thanks to the release that occurs. Compulsivity simply means that addicts regularly get to the point where sex becomes inevitable, no matter what the circumstances or the consequences. The compulsive act, which normally ends in orgasm, is perhaps the starkest reminder of the degradation involved in the addiction as the person realizes that he or she has become nothing more than a slave to the addiction.
  • Despair Almost immediately reality sets in and the addict begins to feel ashamed. This point of the cycle is a painful place where the Addict has been many, many times. The last time the Addict was at this low point, they probably promised to never do it again. Yet once again, they act out and that leads to despair. He or she may feel he or she has betrayed spiritual beliefs, possibly a partner, and his or her own sense of integrity. At a superficial level, the addict hopes that this will be the last battle.

According to Carnes, for many addicts, this dark emotion brings on depression and feelings of hopelessness. One easy way to cure feelings of despair is to start obsessing all over again. The cycle then perpetuates itself.

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WHAT IS SELF INJURY

Your loved one suffering from Self Injury is suffering on the inside and is in desperate need of the proper help and referral, do not ignore this as REBELLION, OR A PHASE, the relationship between self-harm and suicide is a complex one, as self-harm behaviour may be potentially life-threatening, with or without suicidal intent. However, attributing self harmers as suicidal is, in the majority of cases, inaccurate. Non-fatal self-harm is common in young people worldwide and due to this prevalence the term self-harm is increasingly used to denote any non-fatal acts of deliberate self-harm, irrespective of the intention.

Possible Signs/Methods

  • Cutting of the skin
  • Burning
  • Branding
  • Picking of Scabs
  • Scratching
  • Pinching
  • You may notice long sleeve clothing being worn more often/ unexplained scars or bleeding
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WHAT IS INTERNET ADDICTION
Internet Addiction or Internet overuse is not necessarily limited to pornographic sites or pornographic specific addiction. In today’s world of technology we are flooded with social networking sites and mobel phones, however if your life in negatively impacted and every day functioning is ignored as a result of the internet or computer then you may need help, our highly skilled Interventionists and Coaches will lead and guide you a into the healthy balance and lifestyle needed for recovery.
Internet Addiction Often Times Comes In The Form Of Networking…
  • Myspace
  • Facebook
  • Ning

If you are concerned that your lived one is struggling with internet addiction CONTACT US NOW

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WHAT IS GAMBLING ADDICTION

Problem gambling is an urge to gamble despite harmful negative consequences or a desire to stop.

Pathological gambling is now defined as explained by a manic episode:

  1. Preoccupation. The subject has frequent thoughts about gambling experiences, whether past, future, or fantasy.
  2. Tolerance. As with drug tolerance, the subject requires larger or more frequent wagers to experience the same “rush”.
  3. Withdrawal. Restlessness or irritability associated with attempts to cease or reduce gambling.
  4. Escape. The subject gambles to improve mood or escape problems.
  5. Chasing. The subject tries to win back gambling losses with more gambling.
  6. Lying. The subject tries to hide the extent of his or her gambling by lying to family, friends, or therapists.
  7. Loss of control. The person has unsuccessfully attempted to reduce gambling.
  8. Illegal acts. The person has broken the law in order to obtain gambling money or recover gambling losses. This may include acts of theft, embezzlement, fraud, forgery, or bad checks.
  9. Risked significant relationship. The person gambles despite risking or losing a relationship, job, or other significant opportunity.
  10. Bailout. The person turns to family, friends, or another third party for financial assistance as a result of gambling.

If you have a loved one that is losing the battle of gambling addiction and you are on the verge of giving up our them, we want you to know that recovery is possible, let us help you put together a plan in place to motivate your loved one to accept the help they sp desperately need.

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WHAT IS PRESCRIPTION ADDICTION